6 Things You Should Know Before a Hen Lays Eggs

what tolook for before a hen lays an egg

Are you wondering when your hens will start to lay? The excitement is building but you are not sure what will happen? I can relate.

It all happened one morning when I was at the computer typing away my coupon deals early morning 5 a.m.  I grew up in the city, without chickens. I thought that only Roosters were the ones to make noise. I was so startled by WHAT I heard coming from our chicken coop, I slammed down my laptop put on my boots and flung open the chicken coop door to see what was going on.  Oh, the mistakes we made in the beginning. 🙂

An egg. She was laying an egg.  So let’s chat a minute about what to look for and things that are COMPLETELY normal. If you don’t have chickens already, let me tell you, they are a loud chatty bunch. It’s normal.

Scroll down for a video of a Shelless egg! 

READ OR PIN FOR LATER How to Raise Chickens Like a Champ

The Nesting Box

Right before your hen starts laying eggs she will be checking out her nesting box. If you have carried a child you know all about the nesting instinct. Well, your chickens go through something similar. You can get very creative in how you make your own nesting box. Just a couple pieces of plywood will work.

We have two separate coops for our chickens because we lived in the city before we moved out here and had our 6 chickens and coop then we got chicken crazy and at one point had over 30 birds and made a chicken coop in our super old crooked barn! Frugalness at it’s finest!

On our city chicken coop, there are two nesting boxes off the side.  You just lift a separate piece of wood on the top to reach in and grab the eggs.

We tried the 5-gallon buckets all stacked up, but the chickens didn’t like it. I didn’t either. The poop all over it was not cool.

So we used what we already had. There was a cabinet type shelf in the bottom of our old barn that we turned into a nesting area. It now has 7 nesting boxes for the ladies. Best part it was free!


What to look for when your hen starts laying eggs

The Squat. 

When your chickens are near a week or so in laying their first egg they will start to squat down. This is instinct for the Rooster to climb on too, well, you know to do his business.

They will continue to squat for you even after laying. I have found that my hens who are lower in the pecking order squat just when they hear my name. My older hens have stopped doing this but their first year they squatted all the time when myself or my kids would approach them.


Easter Egg Hunt

If your nesting boxes aren’t just right for your girls you may be on an easter egg hunt each day.  Our first set of chickens my husband built a really nice backyard chicken coop. The nesting boxes are fabulous both for the hens and for us to easily reach the eggs out.


Our first set of chickens my husband built a really nice backyard chicken coop. The nesting boxes are fabulous both for the hens and for us to easily reach the eggs out.

The second batch of chickens we saw the five-gallon buckets stacked. Our chickens did not like these. I didn’t either. The poop all on top of each bucket was not fun to get off. Once our chickens found a spot in the hay behind some old pallets I knew something wasn’t right. We made wider nesting boxes that the chickens took to right away.

Before that we had chickens going in an old trash can down in the barn. One laid one on the back deck. Now they all go in their nesting box, for the most part! If you have your chickens pastured raised you will run into this but if you keep them contained you should find they will go in their nesting box.

Use an old golf ball to keep in the nesting box. We still have a golf ball in ours. Don’t buy the fake egg at Tractor supply, save your money, be frugal. Be practical.

Be prepared that they may still lay an egg in an undesirable spot in the beginning but if you offer enough bedding in the box and a box they can move and feel private in they will start laying on their own in that nesting box.


What to look for when your hen starts laying eggs

Shellless Eggs

I am nowhere near a chicken pro here but through our 30 hens, we have had a number of shell-less eggs in the beginning.

Once they are past the first days of laying if you notice your hens are laying shell-less eggs it could be a lack of calcium. This can easily be fixed by providing your hens oyster shells or the frugal way cooked cracked egg shells. We do this a few times in the winter. We will save up the egg shells from the week crush them with a rolling pin and bake for 20 minutes or so at 350 degrees. Then I sprinkle over their pellets.

READ OR PIN FOR LATER 15 Inspiring Reasons Why Your Kids Should Raise Chicks

Check out this video of a shelless egg


The size of your hens first egg will be small. The egg will gradually get larger depending on your breed. We have 16 Rhode Island Reds that their eggs started out as a medium size for awhile and now they are large to extra large.



The first time we had chickens we were in a very populated area. Close neighbors shopping outlets and more. I was at the computer at 6 in the morning and heard the loudest squawking and ran out to the chicken coop. I had no idea what was going on.

She was trying to lay an egg. Then it all made sense as I was taken back to the birthing rooms where I had my own children. 😉

It is not easy and you can expect some serious crazy sounds from your little ladies. It’s all good though.



There you have it! 



First time with chickens? When will they lay eggs? There are certain clues you can look for to indicate when your hens will start laying eggs.

Comments 2

  1. Maria Zampella February 5, 2018
    • Tasia February 6, 2018

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